Thursday, August 28, 2014

Simply Change the Home page in Firefox


Simply Change the Home page in Firefox

Without Going to Preferences then General and then change the Home page.

In this step, all you need is to go to the website you want to make it the Home page and grab the Tab to the Home icon like the images show :

firefox home page

and this message will appear, click yes

firefox home page


Wednesday, August 20, 2014

DEBIAN celebrates its twenty birthday


DEBIAN celebrates its twenty birthday

Debian celebrate its project over 21 years to its inception, making it one of the oldest open source projects in existence.

Debian is one of the most widely used Linux distributions around the world, and the most famous distributions based on them, and on top of Ubuntu, the Debian Linux distribution is more stable and stable at all so it described as "the rock."

We also know that Valve has created its own operating system for games SteamOS which is based on Debian, and this is evidence of the power of this distribution, which made ​​them the choice despite the presence of dozens of famous distributions.

Interestingly, the new policy is pursued by the developers of the project, as it will provide 6 years of support for Debian Wheezy, is likely to apply the policy on future versions as well.

Do you use Debian ?


Saturday, August 16, 2014

Tip : make VLC running automatically full screen


Tip : make VLC running automatically full screen

VLC media player is strong and supports a lot of video formats, and in this quick tip we will explain how you can make VLC automatically and directly run video in Full Screen mode .

Open the program, click on the Tools list in the top bar of the program, and then click on Preferences, open the Settings window, click on the Video tab and then place the tick on the option fullscreen as the following image shows :

vlc preferences


Top 10 Programming Code Editors for Linux


Top 10 Programming Text Editors for Linux

Programmers have common and known term called IDE ( Integrated Development Environment ), or the so-called script editor that helps you write the code, built, operated, organized and assist ; Here are the top 10 Programming Text Editor for Linux

1 . Komodo


Komodo is the Excellent IDE built on the Mozilla project the famous Komodo supports many programming languages ​​famous such as Perl, Python , PHP , C \ C + +, Ruby , JavaScript , TCL, CSS, HTML, XML, RHTM; Komodo has all features that you need and he has a very good interface and easy to use , but it is not free , but you can always get a free copy of the open source project through openkomodo.

2 . Eclipse


Eclipse is Celebrity editor for Java programmers with advanced features , also supports Python C \ C + +, it uses plugins, it is desirable for beginners , but it is an excellent option for advanced .

3 . CodeBlocks


Codeboks is a very good Editor, special for C \ C + + languages (you can use the Python by adding certain plugin) ; it includes everything you need for C and C + + , such as gtk and qt It supports more than an interpreter, it is the best option for C \ C + + programmers .

4 . NetBeans


Netbeans is a production of Sun, free and open source written using Java, It is known to be an excellent option for programmers of Java and graphical interfaces for Java , but also supports C \ C + +, Python , Ruby , Javascript , PHP , the only problem it is that it is not intended well .

5 . Geany


Geany editor is very lightweight and it supports C and Python and Perl and Pascal and Java ruby PHP and HTML , it's a small editor in size and very simple .

6 . Codelite


Codelite is a strong editor and open source dedicated to C \ C + + programmers, it resembles Codebloks in many ways, but with fewer features and supports syntax for other languages ​​.

7 . MonoDevelop


MonoDevelop editor is primarily designed for C # language and the NET languages ; Mono enables developers to quickly create software desktop and, Mono enables developers to easily port NET applications that you have created using Visual Studio to Linux and to maintain the abstract code.

8 . Anjuta


Anjuta editor is flexible software dedicated C \ C + + on GNU \ Linux , it is designed specifically for the GNOME \ GTK and includes a number of advanced programming facilities , it also has the glade / gnome GUI designer / code generator, it is dedicated to the Linux system .

9 . KDevelop


KDevelop fully supports the following languages ​​: C \ C + +, Ruby , PHP , and is often used on the front of KDE and QT environment and many of its users has turned to QTCreator without forgetting that there are a number of KDevelop lovers .

10 . Gedit


Gedit is not originally IDE but it is originally a text editor , but a few additions to it becomes able to be an IDE and supports many languages.

What is your comment about this list ? What is the best IDE for you ?


Sunday, August 10, 2014

Turin, Italian city will provide eight million dollars when moving to Linux


Turin, Italian city will provide eight million dollars when moving to Linux

State behind the state .. and the city behind the city .. turn to the world of open source, last of these is the city of Turin of Italy, which announced its intention to convert to open-source, to Ubuntu distro precisely, which will gradually convert more than 8300 computer from the Windows system and software closed to Ubuntu and free software, it is expected that the process takes a year and a half to be completed.

If the city remained on Windows and Microsoft Office .. had to pay about $ 29.5 million over five years, but with the transition to free software, it will pay only 21.4 million dollars .. which means providing more than 8 million dollars and this at the level of only one city in 8300 a computer belonging to the local authorities, and that this amount will be reduced too at the end of training sessions for staff and workshops and transport operations for the first time, then will become employees are able on their own to manage devices and run and will not return there are high costs and there is no annual amounts to be paid as in the past.

It is expected that Turin will become the first Italian city fully transmitted to the Free Software and Linux system .. In the case of the experiment succeeds, it is expected to continue to shift to the movements of free software in several other cities in Italy.


Valencia Schools provide 50 million dollars due to LINUX


Valencia Schools provide 50 million dollars due to LINUX

Valencia is located east of Spain and the largest city in the country, announced that its schools have been transformed into Linux, specifically to the Lliurex distribution created by Spain for those schools, which is based on the Edubuntu educational distribution, and Lliurex is used in more than 110 thousand computer teachers.

The process of transmission of Valencia Schools for Linux to save about 36 million euros (equivalent to approximately $ 50 million) over the past nine years.

Lliurex distribution is managed by the Ministry of Finance and Public Administration; during the installation process, users can choose between several options differ in their suitability for use, there is an option for use in schools or homes, and another for small and medium-sized businesses. The Lliurex and one of the many free software projects in the autonomous region of Valencia, Spain.

Instead, there are about more than 120 thousand desktop computers in Valencia which uses LibreOffice including schools, courts, and have the government said last year that the use of LibreOffice will help provide 1.5 million euros a year (the equivalent of nearly two million dollars) .

Not only this, there is also another area in western Spain called "Extremadura", which also uses her own Linux distribution called linex installed on more than 70 thousand computer teachers in the region.


Ubuntu expands in India


Ubuntu expands in India

India is the fastest growing market for open-source operating system Ubuntu, thanks to links \ alliances with leading vendors of computers, and the increasing reliance on cloud applications and web solutions in the country where institutions see the  that Ubuntu is very good at such things and things.

Linux has grown by 50% from last year in India, and perhaps this is thanks to a partnership with Canonical my company Dell and HP, to attach to the system operated with certain models of those Laptops displayed in India.

India is the fastest growing market for us for adoption on Ubuntu, it's definitely one of our main markets globally. - Prakash Advani: Regional Director for Canonical in Asia and the Pacific. 

As many companies have moved to cloud storage, and this means that Ubuntu has become more important for them, and also said: that people are switching to Ubuntu because it is simpler to understand and easy to install and use. - Sanchit Vir Gogia. 

We chose Ubuntu because it is stable, and does not require the struggles of viruses Unlike Windows, it is very safe and cost-effective. - Mahesh Pawar. 

To ensure that it comfortable for users, JustDial company began conducting training in the field of basic awareness about Ubuntu.

If some users insisted on the use of the Windows system, we will educate these people how they can use the Ubuntu system more efficient. - Pawar. 
We seek to make important applications running on open source operating systems. - Srikanth Raman: Director of Information Technology at Narayana Hrudayalaya. 
In last two years, Ubuntu was able to penetrate the government and education sectors with some great bargains, such as the deal of 15-lakh where bought Delhi University 61 A computer installed upon Ubuntu also bought the province of Assam Omitron 28 thousand computers; as the company JustDial transferred substantially all its computers amounting 4500 computer to Ubuntu, for their use of the CRM system that works from the browser.

Ubuntu has also seen a growth in the consumer sector of users who opt for cheap versions of laptops pre-installed with Ubuntu, and there are about 850 stores in the country sells Laptops HP and Dell pre-installed with Ubuntu system.


XBMC turns into KODI


XBMC turns into KODI

Giant open-source Media Player and is one of the most popular application on Linux, Windows, Mac, or even phones and Tablets, it is wonderful program; Kodi (which was called XBMC previously), as it announced the development team that the name of the program has been changed and transformed into Kodi .

But what the reason for the name change ?

XBMC was designed originally for Xbox devices, and was named Xbox Media Center, and then in 2008 the name was changed to XBMC to avoid illegal problems, and despite the name change to XBMC, but it is still some people think that the program may be designed by Microsoft.

And now To avoid these problems, the program's name was changed to Kodi.

Kodi is available for download on most systems known, and you can download it from here.


Saturday, August 9, 2014

Russian Ministry of Health abandon Microsoft and Oracle products and turn to Linux and PostgreSQL


Russian Ministry of Health abandon Microsoft and Oracle products and turn to Linux and PostgreSQL

The Russian government has announced its intention to replace the Microsoft products and Oracle to Linux and open source, at least in the Ministry of Health.

Russia imposed on a large number of sanctions from the European Union and the United States, and this move is a response to those sanctions. One of those ways is to stop authorities from buying more licenses from Microsoft or stop prolonging the duration.

According to a report posted on the official website of the Russian government, the Ministry of Health intends to relinquish all proprietary software provided by Microsoft and Oracle, to replace them with open source.

Roman Safronov, deputy director of the Department of Information Technology at the Ministry of Health Says that this has actually been planning since 2011 with the creation of the federal services for the unified health information system in the state (EGISZ).

Because many of the deals coming on EGISZ Ltd. and our budget, we decided that we can not afford to pay for a license tens of millions of rubles a year. 

A large part of EGISZ working on open source software, including servers which use unix / linux, and stations Linux terminal, and application software and databases;, as well as the operations center at the Ministry of Health based on open source software. 

The migration to open source after abandoning Microsoft and Oracle, is not something that can be done quickly, but progress in the deportation of those computers to software should wait until 2015.

As for the rest of the government and other ministries, it is unclear whether this step will be implemented in them, too.

* Note: PostgreSQL is a database management system.


Toulouse provided million euro with LIBREOFFICE


Toulouse provided million euro with LIBREOFFICE

Toulouse, the fourth largest city in France, which is located in the southwest of France, announced that it has provided about one million euros, following its transformation into a set of office programs free and open source LibreOffice.

Immigration to Liber Office was one of the key projects of the town in its new digital, and has begun the process of migration to it in 2012, and after that the decision was political in order to shift in 2011, and it took about a year and a half to complete, and from this day 90% of desktop computers (and used by more than 10 thousand people) is now working with LibreOffice.

The story began when Pierre Cohen was elected as mayor of Toulouse in 2008, a person who specializes in information technology and work on policy and digital special focus on open source, him and his colleague Erwane Monthubert are the reason behind the transition of the city of Toulouse to open source in 2011.

Not only Liber Office; but most official Websites of Toulouse are working with free software, such as: and and

There is a clear trend in European cities to abandon the products owned and move to open source, in the vicinity of Spain Valencia and the Canary Islands abandoned MS Office and this led to save millions, along with many other European cities that we have mentioned in the past; will join the "Cote d'Azur" to the list transgender soon a region in France, in the state of Marseille, as the French capital, police developed its own operating system based on Ubuntu, and the list is endless, and we hope to turn more to the culture of open source and free software.


You can not change the cursor themes in Ubuntu


You can not change the cursor themes in Ubuntu

In this tutorial, we give the solution to the problem of not being able to change the mouse theme in Ubuntu, and the cause of this problem because Ubuntu distribution uses Compiz.

You may notice that when your choose a mouse theme different theme from the default one which is DMZ-White,  through you used tweak-tool or other tools, it will not change, except in a few applications, such as Firefox, and others ... As in the other parts of the system, it will remains on the default theme.

To solve this problem, follow these instructions :

1 Open the terminal Ctrl + Alt + T and paste the following command :

sudo gedit /usr/share/icons/default/index.theme 

2. will open a window containing the text of the following codes, or similar :

[Icon Theme] 

3, note, the red color, which must be changed to the name of the desired Theme mouse :

Suppose we want black mouse Theme, you must first open tweak-tool application in order to know the name of the theme that we want a DMZ-Black, then we write in the text file as it is written entirely in the tweak-tool, taking into account the large and small letters.

Thus, for the rest of themes, for example, I want the red mouse, looking for its name in the tweak-tool and then type it in the script editor.

  4. log out of the system, which is an important step to activate the new mouse theme.

5. Enjoy it.


More games to Linux platform


More games to Linux platform

One of the biggest problems of the Linux system is the lack of games and their weakness, and this of course because of the small number of users and therefore weakness interesting companies to provide their games to the Linux platform, fortunately that this reality is about to change after the support of many manufacturers of games for the Linux platform, and here we will review some new news in this regard.

50 games on support a Linux 

50 games support linux is one of the largest websites allocated to the Games in collaboration with the companies that produce them, a few weeks has already announced to provide more than 50 game variety and classic works on the Linux system, including games really beautiful like Flat Out 2 and The Last Federation and many others, for the games, of course, driven Linux platform no dredgers and Cyrilat (no reality, but very few), this announcement is part of a goal to reach 100 game supportive of the Linux system.

List of 50 games currently supported can be found here.

600 games driven and supports the free Linux system on the Steam platform : 

600 games, free and non free support linux on steam

There is no doubt that the Steam platform is one of the largest platforms entertainment and gaming in the world today has become the platform provides more than 600 game variety for Linux, some of which is free and most of them paid, which makes Linux usable really by users interested in games.

Visit Steam platform via the link : 

Awaited Games : 

Awaited Games

Of course there are many companies producing games that take individual steps in the provision of their games on the Linux platform, including the game Borderlands: The Pre-Sequel, which has not yet issued, is expected to release on October 14 of this year on both the Mac and Windows and Linux, and Xbox 360 and PS3.

Video of the upcoming game :

Another awaited Game Westland 2, thanks to a campaign finance collective created by developers on Kickstarter, which succeeded, the support for each of the Linux and Mac became available, the game has not issued a final after and is still in the pilot phase, you can download from Steam versus $ 60 for the Linux platform from here.


There are more games that become supported every week .. Do you think Linux has become a mature for gaming or not yet?


Britain adopts ODF unifying format documents and abandon Microsoft formats


Britain adopts ODF unifying format documents and abandon Microsoft formats

The British government announced the unification of file formats for documents in the public sector towards ODF, abandoning a Microsoft formats.

ODF (short for Open Document Format - open document format) will be this formula is the standard uniform and standard documents and government documents, as well as formulas PDF and HTML.

This decision comes after a long and controversial first started in 2011 and led to the occurrence of consultations have been concluded in February.

This step is inconsistent with the heavy pressure from Microsoft, as the Microsoft Insisted to Britain to use a format OpenXML (OOXML) as the format uniform - so the format used in Word documents Word documents - but critics responded, saying it not en Open source format.

This is because the British government delayed the adoption of ODF format is because of the constant pressure from Microsoft to Britain, as suggested by some sources.

The responses consultations about file formats tend overwhelmingly towards the open source format ODF as a standard.

The Executive Director Government Digital Service, Mike Bracken said :

I've made ​​reactions clearly how important it is to choose the right way, using open standard and this means that people will not pay Costs imposed on them for display or just dealing with information from the government, it's a big step forward, and I'm happy with it. 

The government mentioned the benefits of adopting this new approach :

- Citizens will not be back, companies and voluntary organizations need specialized software to open \ view or dealing with documents and government documents.

- People who work in the government will be able to participate in and deal with the documents in a unified coordination; This limits the problems of different formats.

- Non-governmental organizations will be able to choose the most ideal applications and cost-effective and convenience.


Wednesday, August 6, 2014

Install the download manager XDM on Ubuntu


Install the download manager XDM on Ubuntu

XDM or Xdman short for Xtreme download manager, a download application which is very strong and fast, and supports the resumption of the download, and has the ability to download any thing in the web, it also provides a timetable for downloads, and can integrate with your browser.

XDM uses dynamic segmentation algorithm sophisticated and compresses the data and re-use the connection to speed up the loading process, it supports the protocols HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, as well as firewalls, and proxy servers, and cookies, and validation processes and file redirects.

# Advantages: 

Load as quickly as possible
A sophisticated algorithm to segment files, and data compression, and re-use of contact
Download video formats FLV, MP4, HTML5 from across the Web
The possibility of integration with browsers Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, Opera, Safari, or even any other browser
Stop \ resume downloads malfunctioning caused by a problem in communication or power outages
The possibility of shutting down the system automatically after the download is finished
Can be set to automatically carry out the examination of the viruses in the files loaded
Written in Java (requires Java installed to run the program)




# Installation 

To install the Xtreme download manager on Ubuntu 14.04 \ 12.04 Open the terminal Ctrl + Alt + T and paste the following commands :

sudo add-apt-repository ppa: noobslab/apps 
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install xdman 

Integration with browsers: Firefox, Chrome, Opera


To make Firefox integrates with Xdman should first have the program open and visible next to the clock, and then you have to open the following link and you install added normally.



For Google Chrome browser, go to: System Settings System Settings - Network Network - the network proxy Network Proxy - Method in the box and then select Automatic Automatic - The configuration URL in the box, then specify the following link :



The Opera browser, you should perform the same way Chrome mentioned above, but there is one more step also must do it, go to Settings, Opera, and follow what you see in the following picture :



Guide to install Java on Ubuntu


Guide to install Java on Ubuntu

Installing Java is one of the few things that people do after installing Ubuntu, and in this post we will guide you to install Java on Ubuntu 14.04 with clarifying the differences between the various copies Java.

OpenJDK against JRE against Oracle JDK 

Before proceeding to install Java, we must be aware of the differences between these copies of Java, let's take a quick look for these versions:

JRE: It is an abbreviation for (Java Runtime Environment), which is the application you need to pan ordinary users to run applications written in Java, this is all you need if you are not a programmer.

JDK: It is based on the Java Development Kit, and this is what you need to do some development processes and programming related to Java.

OpenJDK: It is the application of open-source Java Development Kit, and this version is also suitable for the needs of most casual users, but the advantage back to the JRE in this context.

Oracle JDK: it is the official version of Oracle's Java Development Kit, and the examples that you use, the editor compile Android Studio.

Java installation on Ubuntu 14.04 

# Before starting the installation, you should check whether the Java software installed you actually have to verify the existence of Java in the system, open the terminal Ctrl + Alt + T and paste the following command :


- If you see the following output or similar :

The program 'java' can be found in the following packages: 
* Default-jre 
* Gcj-4.6-jre-headless 
* Openjdk-6-jre-headless 
* Gcj-4.5-jre-headless 
* Openjdk-7-jre-headless 
Try: sudo apt-get install 

It means that Java is not installed on the computer, and you'll need to install it, so we will proceed to the installation process now.

Installing the JRE 

Open a terminal Ctrl + Alt + T and paste the following command :

sudo apt-get install default-jre 

Installing OpenJDK 

Open a terminal Ctrl + Alt + T and paste the following command :

sudo apt-get install default-jdk 

Installing Oracle JDK 

Open a terminal Ctrl + Alt + T and paste the following commands (* Make sure to have high-speed Internet, it will download a lot of files in the case of Oracle JDK).

sudo add-apt-repository ppa: webupd8team/java 
sudo apt-get update 
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer 
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-set-default 

(* If you want to install the seventh version of the oracle jdk, replace java8 b java7 in the above commands).